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Wednesday, May 6, 2020 | History

5 edition of Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants found in the catalog.

Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants

United States. General Accounting Office

Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants

a way to nuclear weapons proliferation? : report

by United States. General Accounting Office

  • 150 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published by U.S. General Accounting Office in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plutonium,
  • Reactor fuel reprocessing -- United States

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby the Comptroller General of the United States.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationv, 26 p.
    Number of Pages26
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14561468M
    OCLC/WorldCa44142695

    By the time reprocessing ends the UK’s stockpile of plutonium is expected to reach around tonnes, after the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) agreed to take title to some of the overeseas plutonium stored at Sellafield. This is the largest civil plutonium stockpile anywhere in the world. CURWOOD: Now, the United States stopped research into reprocessing uranium fuel from power plants into plutonium back in, what, the s. VON HIPPEL: In the '70s, that's right, we ended the attempt to commercialize this technology, after India's nuclear test.

    The Hanford "B" canyon, pictured here, was the first large-scale reprocessing plant in the world. Spent fuel from the Hanford "B" reactor was chopped into pieces (using robotic equipment) and dissolved in boiling nitric acid; then the plutonium was chemically extracted from the corrosive, highly radioactive acid solution in an elongated gravity.   And separating plutonium and highly enriched uranium is exactly how governments go about building nuclear weapons, so reprocessing can raise Author: David Biello.

    9. PLUTONIUM ACQUISITIONS. The total DOE plutonium acquisitions for the period to Septem , were metric tons. Of the MT plutonium acquired, MT were produced in Government reactors; MT in production reactors, and MT in nonproduction reactors. Plutonium Utilization Plans announced by the JAEA In their plan to use plutonium for research purposes, released on March 7, , the JAEA says that they have no plan to separate plutonium at the Tokai reprocessing facility in fiscal because the seismic safety of the facility is .


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Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants by United States. General Accounting Office Download PDF EPUB FB2

Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants: a way to nuclear weapons proliferation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. General Accounting Office, (OCoLC) Quick and secret construction of plutonium reprocessing plants: a way to nuclear weapons proliferation?.

Washington, D.C.: U.S. General Accounting Office, (OCoLC) Nuclear reprocessing is the chemical separation of fission products and unused uranium from spent nuclear fuel. Originally, reprocessing was used solely to extract plutonium for producing nuclear commercialization of nuclear power, the reprocessed plutonium was recycled back into MOX nuclear fuel for thermal reactors.

The reprocessed uranium, also known as the spent fuel. Plutonium Reprocessing. Unlike fuel from fossil plants that discharge ash with negligible heat content, fuel discharged from nuclear reactors contains appreciable quantities of fissile uranium and.

The technology of reprocessing plutonium for civil reactors is the same as that for producing plutonium for weapons.

Moreover, with the passage of time it became increasingly clear that even. This page shows known reprocessing plants worldwide as of It includes reprocessing plants that are at advanced stages of construction, preparing for operations, or temporarily shut down.

The table below provides more detailed information about the facilities. var public_spreadsheet_url. Reprocessing plants do produce separated plutonium. The issue that emerged was whether or not reprocessing should be permitted to proceed in certain countries, or perhaps anywhere.

After plutonium is produced in the spent fuel of a nuclear reactor, it can be chemically separated from the spent fuel through a technique known as reprocessing. Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook.

If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Detecting clandestine plutonium separation activities with krypton Michael Schoeppner, Alexander Glaser and Mark E.

Walker Princeton University, Program on Science and Global Security Abstract Krypton is released from nuclear reprocessing plants during the sepa-ration of plutonium, which has produced a global atmospheric Kr back-ground. Plutonium was first separated by the United States during the Second World War.

Ura-nium was loaded into nuclear reactors, irradiated, cooled, and then chemically “repro - cessed” in another facility to recover the plutonium. The reactors and the reprocessing plant were built as part of the secret atomic bomb project. Since then, eight otherFile Size: 4MB. Nuclear Site: a metric-ton thermal oxide reprocessing plant (THORP) and a facility that specializes in reprocessing waste for two specific British nuclear facil-ities (Oldbury and Wylfa, both of which are expected to cease operations by ).

Another reprocessing facility has been under construction in Rokkasho, Japan, since the late by: 4. Maybe I’ve been too warped by Quick and Secret Construction of Plutonium Reprocessing Plants: A Way to Nuclear Weapons Proliferation.

(General Accounting Office, October 6, ). I can’t help but wonder whether there is some sort of technical detail that the principals are leaving out of the account. Reprocessing. Reprocessing - the chemical separation of uranium and plutonium from irradiated reactor fuel - is arguably the most dangerous and dirty phase of the nuclear fuel chain.

Reprocessing generates huge waste streams with no management solution and isolates plutonium, the fissile component of. Sellafield's Thorp reprocessing centre receives waste nuclear fuel from 34 plants around the world.

The metallic outer casing is first stripped away and the spent fuel is then dissolved in hot nitric acid. This produces three things - uranium (96%) and plutonium (1%) and highly radioactive waste (3%). Reprocessed uranium (RepU) is the uranium recovered from nuclear reprocessing, as done commercially in France, the UK and Japan and by nuclear weapons states' military plutonium production programs.

This uranium actually makes up the bulk of the material separated during reprocessing. Commercial LWR spent nuclear fuel contains on average (excluding cladding) only four percent plutonium, minor Fuel: Tritium, Deuterium, Helium-3, Fertile.

Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium for Nuclear Weapons and Disposal of Nuclear Stockpiles, the law urged “an end by both the United States and the Soviet Union to the production of plutonium and highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons.

(In its fullest sense, plutonium production implies reprocessing.) However, the ratio of converted plutonium to stored plutonium is surprisingly low. For example, according to an Institute for Energy and Environmental Research (IEER) quoted statistic, in 17 metric tons of plutonium were separated in civilian reprocessing plants, of.

Fuel reprocessing, a technology that helped launch the world’s nuclear industry half a century ago, is to be abandoned by Britain. However, the UK industry’s hope of using the plutonium it. In addition, during construction the capital costs at Rokkasho-mura have more than tripled to about $20 billion.

Critics of Rokkasho-mura also insist that reprocessing would do little to alleviate certain aspects of Japan’s spent fuel problem, which represents a potential. The way I like to explain the problem of nuclear weapons proliferation is to consider three roads to that destination: (1) isotope separation, (2) plutonium production with research or production reactors, and (3) plutonium production in U.S.-type power plants, with (2) and (3) requiring reprocessing.reprocessed uranium.

Reprocessed uranium has a potential value for recycling either directly or after appropriate treatment.

This report analyses the existing options, approaches and developments in the management of reprocessed uranium. It encompasses the technical issues involved in managing reprocessed uranium such as RepU arisings, storage.The international Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, also referred to as the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), states in Article III, paragraph 2(b) that {open_quotes}Each State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to provide equipment or material especially designed or prepared for the processing, use or production of special fissionable material to any non-nuclear-weapon.